Baikonur was founded in 1955, it’s the first and largest cosmodrome in the world, it covers an area of 6717 square kilometers, and it is also the only cosmodrome in the world where international manned launches to the International Space Station are performed.
On October 4, 1957 the world’s first artificial earth satellite Sputnik-1 was launched from Baikonur.
On April 12, 1961 the Vostok space ship with the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin, was launched from the site of the cosmodrome.
On November 15, 1988 the universal transport rocket and space system Energia-Buran launches the Shuttle Buran, which makes its first ever fully unmanned orbital flight and landing.
Baikonur provides more than 15 launches per year, has 9 launch complexes and 15 launchers.